The topics of this blog are Armand-Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Duke of Richelieu, and the IDEAL CITY built on his command next to his magnificent CHÂTEAU on the borders of Touraine, Anjou and Poitou, in France.

Sunday, 2 September 2007

Armand-Jean du Plessis, DUKE OF FRONSAC (and Richelieu)

The first elevation:
The title of Duke of Fronsac was first of all created for the Orleans-Longueville family, sinister (or bastard) branch of the Valois royal family. It was discontinued in this line in 1631.
1608 - 1622 Leonor d'Orléans-Longueville (1605-1622), duke of Fronsac, Count of Saint-Pol, successor to the title
dies without issue. His successor is:
1622-1631 Francois d'Orléans-Longueville (1570-1631), Count of Saint Pol, Duke of Fronsac (1608) and Château Thierry, father to the precedent and son of Leonor (1540-1573) Duke of Estouteville, Duke de Longueville and of Marie d'Estouteville (1539-1601). He married Ann de Caumont (1574-1642), Marquise de Fronsac. The line of sucession stops

Second elevation:
In 1634 the title of Duke of Fronsac was created a second time to the profit of Cardinal de Richelieu, already created Duke of Richelieu.
1634-1642: Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu, now also Duke of Fronsac.
1642-1646: Admiral Armand de Maille-Brézé, nephew of the precendent, Duke of Fronsac
Claire-Clenence de Maillé-Brézé (1628-1694), duchesse of Fronsac and duchesse of Caumont, neice of the Cardinal by his younger sister Nichole (1587-1635), marries (1641) Louis II of Bourbon-Condé (1621-1686), called the 'Grand Condé'.
1646-1709: Henri Jules de Bourbon-Condé (1643-1709) Prince of Condé, Duke of Enghien, Duke of Bourbon, Duke of Fronsac, Duke of Caumont, Duke of Beaupréau, Marquis of Brézé.
1709-1715: Louis Francois Armand de Vignerot du Plessis (1696-1788) Duke of Fronsac and Duke of Richelieu, Marshall of France.
1715-1788: Louis Antoine Sophie de Vignerot du Plessis, Duke of Fronsac and Duke of Richelieu, son of the precedent.
1788-1822: Armand Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duke of Fronsac and Duke of Richelieu, son of the precedent, Minister of Foreign Affairs, twice Prime Minister of France.

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