The topics of this blog are Armand-Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Duke of Richelieu, and the IDEAL CITY built on his command next to his magnificent CHÂTEAU on the borders of Touraine, Anjou and Poitou, in France.
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Sunday, 2 September 2007
Armand-Jean du Plessis, DUKE OF FRONSAC (and Richelieu)
THE DUKES OF FRONSAC
The first elevation:
The title of Duke of Fronsac was first of all created for the Orleans-Longueville family, sinister (or bastard) branch of the Valois royal family. It was discontinued in this line in 1631.
1608 - 1622 Leonor d'Orléans-Longueville (1605-1622), duke of Fronsac, Count of Saint-Pol, successor to the title
dies without issue. His successor is:
1622-1631 Francois d'Orléans-Longueville (1570-1631), Count of Saint Pol, Duke of Fronsac (1608) and Château Thierry, father to the precedent and son of Leonor (1540-1573) Duke of Estouteville, Duke de Longueville and of Marie d'Estouteville (1539-1601). He married Ann de Caumont (1574-1642), Marquise de Fronsac. The line of sucession stops
In 1634 the title of Duke of Fronsac was created a second time to the profit of Cardinal de Richelieu, already created Duke of Richelieu.
1634-1642: Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu, now also Duke of Fronsac.
1642-1646: Admiral Armand de Maille-Brézé, nephew of the precendent, Duke of Fronsac
Claire-Clenence de Maillé-Brézé (1628-1694), duchesse of Fronsac and duchesse of Caumont, neice of the Cardinal by his younger sister Nichole (1587-1635), marries (1641) Louis II of Bourbon-Condé (1621-1686), called the 'Grand Condé'.
1646-1709: Henri Jules de Bourbon-Condé (1643-1709) Prince of Condé, Duke of Enghien, Duke of Bourbon, Duke of Fronsac, Duke of Caumont, Duke of Beaupréau, Marquis of Brézé.
1709-1715: Louis Francois Armand de Vignerot du Plessis (1696-1788) Duke of Fronsac and Duke of Richelieu, Marshall of France.
1715-1788: Louis Antoine Sophie de Vignerot du Plessis, Duke of Fronsac and Duke of Richelieu, son of the precedent.
1788-1822: Armand Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duke of Fronsac and Duke of Richelieu, son of the precedent, Minister of Foreign Affairs, twice Prime Minister of France.