The topics of this blog are Armand-Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Duke of Richelieu, and the IDEAL CITY built on his command next to his magnificent CHÂTEAU on the borders of Touraine, Anjou and Poitou, in France.

Tuesday, 2 October 2012

The old Grenier à Sel ?

From much before the 17th century, the King of France had raised a tax on his subjects called the Gabelle.  It was a tax based in later years on the supply of domestic salt.  As salt was the principal method of preserving meats, fish or even vegetables, it was a very necessary product for daily life.  The King produced the salt in his own salt farms on the Atlantic to the west, and it was distributed to his greniers à sel - salt 'barns' - located by privilege all over his kingdom.  In this way an important tax that was dependent on domestic consumption was spread to the entire population.

A modern parallel is hydrocarbon fuel duty, where a tax, much higher than the market value of the product itself, is raised on a necessary daily product.  Read Here about this tax in the UK.

The locations of the warehouses that sold the protected royal product were important, as they would required constant visits, and would attract all sorts of other commerces to their side.

When the King, Louis XIII, gave royal patents to the newly-founded town of Richelieu, among other particular benefits to privilege the venture was the re-location of the local grenier à sel for the region. It was moved from the bustling town of Loudun, twenty kilometres away, to the new town of his powerful cardinal duc.

Of course this was not a popular act in the town of Loudun, as it required them to change their habits and make frequent visits to the new but isolated town of Richelieu.

Click here for the history of the salt tax, the Gabelle.


Below we show photos of the 'alleged' former grenier à sel de Richelieu.  (See the 'comment' of Richelieu's historian Marie-Pierre Terrien, below)It has recently been sold by the Sorbonne to a new owner, who prepares to restore it, presumably as a residence.  If one looks at this blog's map of locations (see RHS) there is an indication of where the building is to be found, exactly between the town walls and the ducal château parc, between moat and canal, on the axis that terminates in the statue of the cardinal in the place du Cardinal.
Seems it is more likely one of the ducal parc's many support buildings ... but who knows?




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below
 is a map of the gabelles at a national scale; note that Richelieu is the only town marked in the region; no sign of Loudun for example!


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1 comment:

Abbé Henri Proust said...

Marie-Pierre Terrien dit...
"Effectivement, on localise le grenier à sel (pour la perception de la gabelle) au 15 Grande Rue, au 17e siècle. Dans mon dernier livre, j'ai montré qu'ensuite il se situait dans un des locaux contigus aux halles. Mais je ne sais pas exactement à partir de quand. Probablement lorsque l'hôtel a été vendu, dans les dernières décennies du 17e siècle."

Merci 'l'experte'!

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