The topics of this blog are Armand-Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Duke of Richelieu, and the IDEAL CITY built on his command next to his magnificent CHÂTEAU on the borders of Touraine, Anjou and Poitou, in France.

Friday, 27 March 2015

Charleville - another Cité Idéale comes to Richelieu

4 pm, Saturday 18th April 2015

at the townhall
37120 Richelieu

Click on the image for more details


Thursday, 5 March 2015

The Endowment Fund and the so-called 'Tour Sainte Anne'

The restoration of the 'tour à l'angle' has become the official second project of the Fonds de Dotation - the Endowment Fund - of the town of Richelieu. 

The 1635 building is already owned by the town and the necessary permissions are being sought from the relevant conservation authorities. 

The new project will follow the completion of the Fund's first project, the restoration of the gates of the Porte de Chinon.

The 'Tour à l'angle'


Wednesday, 4 March 2015

The current bedtime reading of Abbé Henri

He has started to read this text book to understand the development of Hapsburg Spain the the era of the cardinal duke.
As the old political maxim says:
'Know the enemy better than he knows himself.'
Spain was the superpower of the 17th century, but was finally checked by the cunning long-term power-politics of Armand-Jean whose FRANCE finally came to question this Hispanic supremacy in the reign of the young sun-king Louis XIV, following Richelieu's own death in 1642.

While the palace and cité idéale of Richelieu were being created, the First Minister of France duelled with his opposite number in Madrid 
the 'conde-duque' Olivares,
Minister to his master, Felipe IV, King of Spain.

a detail from 'The surrender of Breda' by Diego Velázquez

Felipe IV,  King of Spain
Don Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel Ribera y Velasco de Tovar
the Count of Olivares
and Duke of San Lúcar la Mayor